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Galileo - Mission to Jupiter

Galileo Logo This web side will show the contributions of the > MPS to that very important mission to investigate the magnetosphere of Jupiter and to explore the Galilean moons.

> Mission description
> Science objectives
> MPS contribution
> Energetic Particles Detector (EPD)
> Lightning detector (LRD)
> Related links
> Galileo publications by MPS members


Galileo Galilei The Galileo mission, named after Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) who discovered the 4 big moons (Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto) of Jupiter in the 17th century, a joint effort of NASA and ESA to explore the Jovian system by in-situ measurements. Galileo is the first man-made spacecraft that is in orbit around an outer planet in our solar system. All the other 5 spacecraft (Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, and Ulysses) only flew by the planet and encountered the Jovian magnetosphere only for a few days. Galileo, instead, went into orbit around the largest planet in our solar system in December 1995. After 8 years of exploration in the Jovian system, the Galileo mission was terminated by sending the orbiter into Jupiter's atmosphere in September 2003.

Galileo Spacecraft  

The mission consists of an orbiting spacecraft (Galileo Orbiter) and a Jupiter Atmospheric Probe (Galileo Probe) that plunged directly into Jupiter's ionosphere/atmosphere in December 1995.

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