Mars Climate Simulator
Mars and the terrestrial planets
The "Mars Climate Simulator" project is part of the
DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm 1115: "Mars and the terrestrial planets".
The project investigates the current and ancient Martian
climate, its stability and mechanisms of changes by means of a modular
planet simulator model.
The climate of Mars, its stability and mechanisms of changes are
investigated. Particularly the interaction between atmosphere and the
polar layered terrains is addressed. At times of maximum obliquety of
the rotational axis of Mars, a warmer and wetter climate than Today
could have caused an extension of the layered terrains. The
investigations are based on a synthesis of integral modeling and
mission data. A model of the climate system is developed, the "Mars
Simulator", which allows the simulation of climate changes over long
time scales. The model describes the dynamics and the interaction of
the individual subsystem with simplyfied representation of the
respective components. It is also intended to be used for the
comparison of climate evolution on Mars and Earth. The model
development rests on currently already available data and aims at the
integeration of new data from the Mars Express mission. Simulation
results can contribute to the planning of Mars Express experiments.